Influential Blackjack Books:
• The Optimum Strategy in Blackjack (1956)
• Beat The Dealer (1963)
• Professional Blackjack (1975)
Roger Baldwin wrote an article entitled ” The Optimum Strategy in Blackjack ” in 1956 . The article was published by the American Statistical Association magazine and changed the history of the blackjack game forever. It was the first time mathematical theories were used to analyze the game. Baldwin used probability theories, statistics, and calculators to show methods that reduced the casino’s house edge in blackjack. The article was about 10 pages long and consisted mainly of mathematical formulas and how they relate to the card game.
Professor Edward O. Thorp
In 1962, Professor Edward O. Thorp, often referred to as the “Einstein of Blackjack,” extended Baldwin’s basic strategies and added the first known techniques to the now-infamous card counting. Professor Thorp published a famous book on the subject in 1963 and called it “Beat the Dealer” . The book became a national bestseller in the United States. The casinos were so exempted by this book that they began to change the game rules, making it more difficult for the players to win. Again, the casinos secured a house advantage against the player after the rules of the game were changed. It was during this time that casinos introduced automatic card-mixing machines and used several card decks to place the card counters to the craft.
The next author, who published a famous book about blackjack, was Stanford Wong, who wrote the book “Professional Blackjack” . In this book computer simulations were used to teach blackjack strategy. Wong’s book was helpful for both beginners and advanced players and quickly became the standard Blackjack Bible for anyone who wanted to learn or master the game.
Another great contribution to the history of blackjack was Julian Braun, a former IBM employee. Braun, a computer ace, programmed thousands of code lines for an IBM mainframe system that simulated the basic strategy of the blackjack game. He developed new strategies for the well-known basic strategy, as well as the counting of cards, which were published in the second edition of “Beat the Dealer” .
Electronic card counting devices were introduced in 1977, when Ken Uston’s Blackjack team developed five pocket-sized computer devices that they hid in their shoes. The team won as expected over $ 100,000 in the shortest time, but eventually one of the computers was found and the FBI informed. These devices used publicly known information such as Basic-Strategy, so the FBI had to recognize that it was not fraud. 60 minutes , a popular television news show by the American TV channel CBS, showed a documentary in 1981, in which Uston himself also appeared. Several casinos in Atlantic City have been challenged in this series. Ken Uston later wrote a book called “The Big Player ,” in which all the details about his work with the Blackjack game were published.
The MIT Blackjack Team
In the early 1990s, another famous card-counting team called “the MIT Blackjack Team” was founded. The team worked in the tradition of basic strategy and other known card counting techniques, but without any computer-based support. This team won hundreds of thousands of dollars over a short period of time, but eventually they were caught by the casinos and excluded from gambling centers around the world. In 2008 the film 21 appeared with Kevin Spacey, who tells the exciting story of the now famous MIT Blackjack team.
This is the story of the blackjack game in a few words. Blackjack is now one of the most popular casinos in the world, both in land-based gambling houses and on the Internet. If you would like to play online blackjack, we would recommend the Live Dealer Blackjack games from 888 Casino. Here you can play with real dealer blackjack!